Category Archives: Wildflowers

Wildflowers that are native to Arkansas

Know Your Natives – Toothed Spurge

Toothed spurge (Euphorbia dentata) of the Spurge (Euphorbiaceae) family is a drought-tolerant summer annual with milky sap and a complex, bizarre inflorescence called a cyathium. The genus name recognizes Euphorbus, a Greek physician.* The specific epithet is from the Latin … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , , ,

Know Your Natives – Water-willow

Water-willow (Justicia americana) of the Acanthus (Acanthaceae) family is an herbaceous aquatic perennial with willow-like leaves. The genus name recognizes James Justice, an 18th-century Scottish author of horticultural books. The specific epithet denotes the plant’s area of primary occurrence. In … Continue reading

Posted in Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , , ,

Know Your Natives – Hairy Woodland Sunflower

Hairy woodland sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus), of the Sunflower, Aster, or Composite (Asteraceae) family, is one of three Arkansas species with the common name “woodland sunflower.” The genus name is based on Greek words for “sun” and “flower.” The specific epithet … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , ,

Know Your Natives – Woodland Agrimony

Woodland agrimony (Agrimonia rostellata) of the Rosaceae (Rose) family has leafy stems terminating with a raceme(s) of small yellow flowers. The genus name is a corruption of Argemone, the botanical name of the prickly poppy. The specific epithet is based … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , ,

Know Your Natives – White-Nymph

White-nymph (Trepocarpus aethusae) of the Carrot (Apiaceae) family is the only species worldwide of the genus Trepocarpus––the genus is “monotypic.” Etymology of the generic name is uncertain. The specific epithet is a reference to Arethusa, a water nymph of Greek … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , ,

Know Your Natives – Snoutbean

Snoutbean (Rhynchosia latifolia) of the bean or legume (Fabaceae) family is a perennial herbaceous plant with large trifoliate leaves. The genus name is from the Greek for “beak,” referring to the shape of the keel petals. The specific epithet is … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Vines, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , ,

Know Your Natives – Sundrops

Sundrops* (Oenothera fruticosa) of the Evening Primrose (Onagraceae) family has bright yellow flowers open during the day. The genus name may be from Latin (oenothera) for a sleep inducing plant or from Greek (onothera) a hypnotic plant added to wine. … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , , ,

Know Your Natives – Forest Pea

Forest pea or bushy vetch (Lathyrus venosus) of the Bean or Legume (Fabaceae) family is a perennial deciduous vine with pea-like flowers. The genus name is based on the Greek Lathyros, the ancient name for a leguminous plant. The specific … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , ,

Know Your Natives – Yellow Pimpernel

Yellow pimpernel (Taenidia integerrima) of the Parsley or Carrot (Apiaceae) family is an elegant and attractive herbaceous perennial with twice-compound leaves and compound umbels of tiny yellow flowers. The genus name comes from the Greek taenidion, “a small band,” referring … Continue reading

Posted in Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , ,

Know Your Natives – Wild Quinine

Wild quinine (Parthenium integrifolium) of the Aster, Sunflower or Composite (Asteraceae) family is an herbaceous perennial with frosty composite flowerheads. The genus name is from the Greek word parthenos, for virgin––only the pistillate ray florets are fertile. The specific epithet, … Continue reading

Posted in Know Your Natives, Native Plants, Wildflowers | Tagged , , , ,